General Information

Figure 1 shows a suspension bridge that is used by motorcycles, bicycles and pedestrians.

Suspension bridge.
 Wooden suspension bridge over a river
Type Single-span suspension bridge
Main span ≅ 125 m
Deck width ≅ 2 m
Deck width to main span ratio ≅ 1:62
Pylon Reinforced concrete (H-shaped)
Girder Timber transverse beam

Main Cables

Figure 2 shows the main cables on shore 1.

Main cables.
Main cables of a suspension bridge

Main cable 1 and main cable 2 are made of a single wire rope till the yellow dashed line, after which main cable 2 is connected to several wire ropes, as shown in figure 3.

Single to several wire ropes connection (main cable 2).
Connection between a single and several wire ropes

The connection consists of a direct cable-to-cable connection, and the cable end fitting comprises U-bolt clamps. The single wire rope is fixed with three U-bolt clamps; two U-parts are on the live-end of the cable, while one U-part is on the dead end of the cable.

  • What are the main problems?
  • Main cable 2 viewed from the back is shown in figure 4.

    Main cable 2.
    Main cable placed in the mid-region of the entrance road

    Main cable 2 is placed in the mid-region of the bridge entrance road without any protective structure.

  • Can the above shown main cable placement cause a bridge safety problem?
  • Sag to Main Span Ratio

    Figure 5 shows the main span viewed from the roadway.

    Main span.
    Main span viewed from the roadway

    The yellow dashed line indicates a hanger cable in the mid-span region. The sag is about 3 m, while the main span is about 125 m; that gives a sag to main span ratio of about 1/42.

  • How does a sag to main span ratio of 1/42 affect the main cable tension compared to a sag to main span ratio of 1/10?